• 2023

Bárdossy, A. (SP5) (2023): Changing correlations: a flexible definition of non-Gaussian multivariate dependence. Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment. DOI: 10.1007/s00477-023-02408-1

Basso, S., Merz, R. (SP4), Tarasova, L. (SP4), und Miniussi, A. (2023): Extreme flooding controlled by stream network organization and flow regime. Nature Geoscience.

Fischer, S., und Schumann, A. (2023): Generation of type-specific synthetic design flood hydrographs. Hydrological Sciences Journal.

Pesce, M., Viglione, A. (Mercator-fellow), Hardenberg, J., Tarasova, L. (SP4), Basso, S., und Merz, R. (SP4) (2023). Regional multi-objective calibration for distributed hydrological modelling: a decision tree based approach. Special Issue: IAHS2022 – Hydrological sciences in the Anthropocene: Variability and change across space, time, extremes, and interfaces.

Snizhko, S., Bertola, M. (SP6), Ovcharuk, V., Shevchenko, O., Didovets, I., und Blöschl, G. (SP6) (2023). Climate impact on flood changes – an Austrian-Ukrainian comparison. Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics.

Tarasova, L. (SP4), Lun, D. (SP6), Merz, R. (SP4), Blöschl, G. (SP6), Basso, S., Bertola, M. (SP6), ... und Kumar, R. (2023). Shifts in flood generation processes exacerbate regional flood anomalies in Europe. Communications Earth & Environment, 4(1), 49.

Wang, H., Merz, R. (SP4), Yang, S., Tarasova, L. (SP4), und Basso, S. (2023): Emergence of Heavy Tails in Streamflow Distributions: the Role of Spatial Rainfall Variability. Advances in Water Resources.

  • 2022

Apel, H., Vorogushyn, S. (SP3) und Merz, B. (SP3) (2022): Brief communication: Impact forecasting could substantially improve the emergency management of deadly floods: case study July 2021 floods in Germany. - Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS), 22, 9, 3005-3014. DOI: 10.5194/nhess-22-3005-2022

Bárdossy, A. (SP5), Kilsby, C., Birkinshaw, S., Wang, N., und Anwar, F. (SP5) (2022): Is Precipitation Responsible for the Most Hydrological Model Uncertainty? Front. Water 4:836554.

Blöschl, G. (SP6) (2022). Three hypotheses on changing river flood hazards. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 26(19), 5015-5033.

Brunner, M. I., und Fischer, S. (SP1) (2022): Snow-influenced floods are more strongly connected in space than purely rainfall-driven floods. Environ. Res. Lett. 17 104038,

Farrag, M., Brill, F., Nguyen, D., Sairam, N., Schröter, K., Kreibich, H., Merz, B. (SP3), de Bruijn, K. M., und Vorogushyn, S. (SP3) (2022): On the role of floodplain storage and hydrodynamic interactions in flood risk estimation. - Hydrological Sciences Journal - Journal des Sciences Hydrologiques, 67, 4, 508-534.

Fischer, S. (SP1), Lun, D. (SP6), Schumann, A.H (SP1), und Blöschl, G. (SP6) (2022): Detecting flood-type-specific flood-rich and flood-poor periods in peaks-over-threshold series with application to Bavaria (Germany). Stoch Environ Res Risk Assess (2022).

Fischer, S., und Schumann, A. (beide SP1) (2022): Handling of the Stochastic Uncertainty of Flood Statistics in Regionalisation Approaches. Hydrological Sciences Journal.

Giani, G., Tarasova, L. (SP4), Woods, R.A., und Rico-Ramirez, M.A., (2022): An objective time-series-analysis method for rainfall-runoff event identification, Water Resour. Res. 58 (2), e2021WR031283

Haberlandt, U. (SP7), Krämer, S., Bárdossy, A. (SP5), Bartens, A. (SP7), Birkholz, P., Eisele, M., Fuchs, L., Herrmann, O.-C., Kuchenbecker, A., Maßmann, S., Pidoto, R. (SP7), Müller, T., Seidel, J. (SP5), und Sympher, K. (2022):  Kontinuierliche synthetische Niederschläge für stadthydrologische Bemessungen in Deutschland –  Hydrologie & Wasserbewirtschaftung, 66, (3), 106-121. DOI: 10.5675/HyWa_2022.3_1

Kreibich, H., Loon, A. F. V., Schröter, K., Ward, P. J., Mazzoleni, M., Sairam, N., Abeshu, G. W., Agafonova, S., AghaKouchak, A., Aksoy, H., Alvarez-Garreton, C., Aznar, B., Balkhi, L., Barendrecht, M. H., Biancamaria, S., Bos-Burgering, L., Bradley, C., Budiyono, Y., Buytaert, W., Capewell, L., Carlson, H., Cavus, Y., Couasnon, A., Coxon, G., Daliakopoulos, I., de Ruiter, M. C., Delus, C., Erfurt, M., Esposito, G., François, D., Frappart, F., Freer, J., Frolova, N., Gain, A. K., Grillakis, M., Grima, J. O., Guzmán, D. A., Huning, L. S., Ionita, M., Kharlamov, M., Khoi, D. N., Kieboom, N., Kireeva, M., Koutroulis, A., Lavado-Casimiro, W., Li, H.-Y., LLasat, M. C., Macdonald, D., Mård, J., Mathew-Richards, H., McKenzie, A., Mejia, A., Mendiondo, E. M., Mens, M., Mobini, S., Mohor, G. S., Nagavciuc, V., Ngo-Duc, T., Huynh, T. T. N., Nhi, P. T. T., Petrucci, O., Nguyen, H. Q., Quintana-Seguí, P., Razavi, S., Ridolfi, E., Riegel, J., Sadik, M. S., Savelli, E., Sazonov, A., Sharma, S., Sörensen, J., Souza, F. A. A., Stahl, K., Steinhausen, M., Stoelzle, M., Szalińska, W., Tang, Q., Tian, F., Tokarczyk, T., Tovar, C., Tran, T. V. T., Huijgevoort, M. H. J. V., van Vliet, M. T. H., Vorogushyn, S. (SP3), Wagener, T., Wang, Y., Wendt, D. E., Wickham, E., Yang, L., Zambrano-Bigiarini, M., Di Baldassarre, G., und Blöschl, G. (SP6) (2022): The challenge of unprecedented floods and droughts in risk management. - Nature, 608, 80-86. DOI: 10.1038/s41586-022-04917-5

Krug, A. (SP2), Aemisegger, F., Sprenger, M., und Ahrens, B. (SP2) (2022): What intensifies Vb-cyclone precipitation in Central Europe? Climate Dynamics.

Krug, A., Aemisegger, F., Sprenger, M., und Ahrens, B. (SP2) (2022): Moisture sources of heavy precipitation in Central Europe in synoptic situations with Vb-cyclones. Climate Dynamics.

Lun, D. (SP6), Fischer, S. (SP1), Viglione, A. (Meractor-fellow), und Blöschl, G. (SP6) (2022): Significance testing of rank cross-correlations between autocorrelated time series with short-range dependence. Journal of Applied Statistics.

Macdonald, E. (SP3), Merz, B. (SP3), Guse, B. (SP3), Wietzke, L.M. (SP3), Ullrich, S. (SP3), Kemter, M., Ahrens, B. (SP2), und Vorogushyn, S. (SP3) (2022): Event and Catchment Controls of Heavy Tail Behavior of Floods. Water Resources Research. DOI: 10.1029/2021WR031260

Merz, B. (SP3), Basso, S. (SP4), Fischer, S. (SP1), Lun, D. (SP6), Blöschl, G. (SP6), Merz, R. (SP4), Guse, B. (SP3), Viglione, A. (Meractor-fellow), Vorogushyn, S. (SP3), Macdonald, E. (SP3), Wietzke, L. (SP3) und Schumann, A. (SP1) (2022): Understanding heavy tails of flood peak distributions. Water Resources Research 58, e2021WR030506.

Merz, R. (SP4), Miniussi, A., Basso, S. (SP4), Petersen, K., und Tarasova, L. (SP4) (2022): More Complex is Not Necessarily Better in Large-Scale Hydrological Modeling: A Model Complexity Experiment across the Contiguous United States. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 103(8), E1947-E1967.

Mishra, A., Mukherjee, S., Merz, B. (SP3), Singh, V. P., Wright, D. B., Villarini, G., Paul, S., Kumar, D. N., Khedun, C. P., Niyogi, D., Schumann, G., und Stedinger, J. R. (2022): An Overview of Flood Concepts, Challenges, and Future Directions. - Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, 27, 6.

Mushtaq, S., Miniussi, A., Merz, R. (SP4), und Basso, S. (SP4) (2022): Reliable estimation of high floods: a method to select the most suitable ordinary distribution in the Metastatistical Extreme Value framework, Adv. Water Resour. 161,104127

Pidoto, R. (SP7), Bezak, N., Müller-Thomy, H., Shehu, B., Callau-Beyer, A. C., Zabret, K., und Haberlandt, U. (SP7) (2022): Comparison of rainfall generators with regionalisation for the estimation of rainfall erosivity at ungauged sites, Earth Surf. Dynam., 10, 851–863

Saavedra, F., Musolff, A., von Freyberg, J., Merz, R. (SP4), Basso, S., und Tarasova, L. (SP4) (2022): Disentangling Scatter in Long-Term Concentration-Discharge Relationships: the Role of Event Types. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences.

Schnurr, A., und Fischer, S. (SP1) (2022): Generalized ordinal patterns allowing for ties and their applications in hydrology. Computational Statistics & Data Analyses 171,

Schnurr, A., und Fischer, S. (SP1) (2022): An Ordinal Procedure to Detect Change Points in the Dependence Structure between Non-Stationary Time Series. Eng. Proc. 2022, 18, 14.

Vorogushyn, S. (SP3), Apel, H., Kemter, M., und Thieken, A. H. (2022): Analyse der Hochwassergefährdung im Ahrtal unter Berücksichtigung historischer Hochwasser. Hydrologie und Wasserbewirtschaftung, 66(5), 244-254, DOI: 10.5675/HyWa_2022.5_2


  • 2021

Ahrens, B., und Leps, N. (beide SP2) (2021): Sensitivity of Convection Permitting Simulations to Lateral Boundary Conditions in Idealised Experiments. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems. 13(12)

Astagneau, P.C., Thirel, G., Delaigue, O., Guillaume, J.H.A., Parajka, J., Brauer, C.C., Viglione, A. (Mercator-fellow), Buytaert, W., und Beven, K.J. (2021): Hydrology modelling R packages: a unified analysis of models and practicalities from a user perspective, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 25(7), 3937-3973, doi:10.5194/hess-25-3937-2021.

Barendrecht, M.H., McCarthy, S., und Viglione, A. (Mercator-fellow) (2021): A comparative analysis of the relationship between flood experience and private flood mitigation behaviour in the regions of England, Journal of Flood Risk Management, 14(2), e12700,

Basso, S. (SP4), Botter, G., Merz, R. (SP4) und Miniussi, A. (2021): PHEV! The PHysically-based Extreme Value distribution of river flows, Environ. Res. Lett. 16 (12), art. 124065

Basso, S. (SP4), Ghazanchaei, Z., und Tarasova, L. (SP4) (2021): Characterizing hydrograph recessions from satellite-derived soil moisture. STOTEN, 756,

Bertola, M. (SP6), Viglione, A. (Mercator-fellow), Vorogushyn, S. (SP3), Lun, D. (SP6), Merz, B. (SP3), und Blöschl, G. (SP6) (2021): Do small and large floods have the same drivers of change? A regional attribution analysis in Europe. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 25, 3, 1347-1364.

Fischer, S., und Schumann, A. (beide SP1) (2021): Multivariate Flood Frequency Analysis in Large River Basins Considering Tributary Impacts and Flood Types. Water Resources Research 57 (8),

Fischer, S., und Schumann, A. (beide SP1) (2021): Regionalisation of flood frequencies based on flood type-specific mixture distributions. Journal of Hydrology X, 13,

Fischer, S., Schumann, A. und Bühler, P. (alle SP1) (2021): A statistics-based automated flood event separation. Journal of Hydrology X, 10.

Fischer, S., Bühler, P. und Schumann, A. (alle SP1) (2021):  Impact of flood types on superposition of flood waves and flood statistics downstream. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering 26.

Krug, A. (SP2), Pothapakula, P.K., Primo, C. (SP2), und Ahrens, B. (SP2) (2021): Heavy Vb-cyclone precipitation: a transfer entropy application showcase. MetZ.

Kuhlicke, C., Albert, C., Bachmann, D., Birkmann, J., Borchardt, D., Fekete, A., Greiving, S., Hansjürgens, B., Jüpner, R., Krabisch, S., Krellenberg, K., Merz, B. (SP3), Müller, R., Rink, D., Rinke, K., Schüttrumpf, H., Schwarze, R., Teutsch, G., Thieken, A., Ueberham, M., und Voss, M. (2021): Fünf Prinzipien für klimasichere Kommunen und Städte. Korrespondenz Wasserwirtschaft: KW, 14(9), 537-539.

Lun, D. (SP6), Viglione, A. (Mercator-fellow), Bertola, M. (SP6), Komma, J., Parajka, J., Valent, P., und Blöschl, G. (SP6) (2021): Characteristics and process controls of statistical flood moments in Europe – a data-based analysis, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 25, 5535–5560,

Melsen, L. A., und Guse, B. (SP3) (2021): Climate change impacts model parameter sensitivity–implications for calibration strategy and model diagnostic evaluation. - Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 25, 3, 1307-1332.

Merz, B. (SP3), Blöschl, G. (SP6), Vorogushyn, S. (SP3), Dottori, F., Aerts, J. C. J. H., Bates, P., Bertola, M. (SP6), Kemter, M., Kreibich, H., Lall, U., und Macdonald, E. (SP3) (2021): Causes, impacts and patterns of disastrous river floods. - Nature Reviews Earth & Environment, 2, 592-609.

Merz, B. (SP3), Kreibich, H., Thieken, A., und Vorogushyn, S. (SP3) (2021): Überraschende Hochwasserereignisse: Lehren für Risikoanalysen. Notfallvorsorge: die Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungsschutz und Katastrophenhilfe, 52, 3, 19-23.

Modiri, E., und Bárdossy, A., (SP5) (2021): Clustering Simultaneous Occurrences of the Extreme Floods in the Neckar Catchment. Water, 13(4):399.

Nguyen, D., Merz, B. (SP3), Hundecha, Y., Haberlandt, U. (SP7), und Vorogushyn, S. (SP3) (2021): Comprehensive evaluation of an improved large‐scale multi‐site weather generator for Germany. - International Journal of Climatology, joc.7107.

Persiano, S., Salinas, J.L., Stedinger, J.R., Farmer, W.H., Lun, D. (SP6), Viglione, A. (Mercator fellow), Blöschl, G. (SP6), und Castellarin, A. (2021). A comparison between generalized least squares regression and top-kriging for homogeneous cross-correlated flood regions, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 66(4), 565-579, doi.og/10.1080/02626667.2021.1879389

Sairam, N., Brill, F., Sieg, T., Farrag, M., Kellermann, P., Nguyen, D., Lüdtke, S., Merz, B. (SP3), Schröter, K., Vorogushyn, S. (SP3), und Kreibich, H. (2021): Process-based flood risk assessment for Germany. Earth's Future, 9, 10, e2021EF002259.

Ullrich, S. (SP3), Hegnauer, M., Nguyen, D., Merz, B. (SP3), Kwadijk, J., und Vorogushyn, S. (SP3) (2021): Comparative evaluation of two types of stochastic weather generators for synthetic precipitation in the Rhine basin. Journal of Hydrology, 601, 126544.


  • 2020

Bárdossy A., Anwar F., und Seidel J. (alle SP5) (2020): Hydrological Modelling in Data Sparse Environment: Inverse Modelling of a Historical Flood Event. Water. 2020; 12(11): 3242.

Bertola, M., Viglione, A. (Mercator fellow), Lun, D. (SP6), Hall, J., und Blöschl, G. (SP6) (2020): Flood trends in Europe: are changes in small and big floods different?. Hydrology & Earth System Sciences, 24(4), doi:10.5194/hess-24-1805-2020.

Blöschl, G., Kiss, A., (beide SP6), Viglione, A. (Mercator fellow) et al. (2020):  Current European flood-rich period exceptional compared with past 500 years. Nature 583, 560–566

Breinl, K., Di Baldassarre, G., Mazzoleni, M., Lun, D., (SP6), und Vico, G. (2020): Extreme dry and wet spells face changes in their duration and timing. Environmental Research Letters, 15(7), 074040.

Chen, X., Parajka, J., Széles, B., Valent, P., Viglione, A. (Mercator fellow), und Blöschl, G. (SP6) (2020). Impact of Climate and Geology on Event Runoff Characteristics at the Regional Scale, Water, 12(12), 3457, doi:10.3390/w12123457

Conticello, F. R., Cioffi, F., Lall, U., und Merz, B. (SP3) (2020): Synchronization and Delay Between Circulation Patterns and High Streamflow Events in Germany. Water Resources Research, 56, 4, e2019WR025598.

Duethmann, D., Blöschl, G. (SP6), und Parajka, J. (2020): Why does a conceptual hydrological model fail to correctly predict discharge changes in response to climate change?. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 24(7), 3493-3511.

Fischer, S. (SP1), Bühler, P. (SP1), Büttner U., und Schumann, A. (SP1) (2020): The use of maximum entropy to increase the informational content of hydrological networks by additional gauges. Hydrological Sciences Journal. DOI: 10.1080/02626667.2020.1802028.

Förster, K., und Thiele, L.B. (SP7), (2020): Variations in sub-daily precipitation at centennial scale. npj Clim Atmos Sci 3, 13.

Guse, B., Merz, B., Wietzke, L., Ullrich, S., (alle SP3), Viglione, A., und Vorogushyn, S. (SP3) (2020): The role of flood wave superposition in the severity of large floods. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 24, 1633-1648,

Hundecha, Y., Parajka, J., und Viglione, A. (Mercator fellow) (2020). Assessment of past flood changes across Europe based on flood-generating processes. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 65(11), 1830-1847,

Kemter, M., Merz, B. (SP3), Marwan, N., Vorogushyn, S. (SP3), und Blöschl, G. (SP6) (2020): Joint Trends in Flood Magnitudes and Spatial Extents Across Europe. - Geophysical Research Letters, 47, 7, e2020GL087464.

Krug, A. (SP2), Primo, C. (SP2), Fischer, S. (SP1), Schumann, A. (SP1), und Ahrens, B. (SP2), (2020): On the temporal variability of widespread rain-on-snow floods. Meteorologische Zeitschrift. 29(2), p. 147 - 163.

Lun, D. (SP6), Fischer, S. (SP1), Viglione, A., und Blöschl, G. (SP6) (2020): Detecting flood‐rich and flood‐poor periods in annual peak discharges across Europe. Water Resources Research, 56(7), e2019WR026575,

Merz, R., Tarasova, L., (beide SP4), und Basso, S. (2020): Parameter's controls of distributed catchment models – How much information is in conventional catchment descriptors? Water Resour. Res., 56(2)

Merz, R. (SP4), Tarasova, L. (SP4), und Basso, S. (2020). The flood cooking book: ingredients and regional flavors of floods across Germany. ERL, 15(11), 114024.

Metin, A. D., Nguyen, D., Schröter, K., Vorogushyn, S. (SP3), Guse, B. (SP3), Kreibich, H., und Merz, B. (SP3) (2020): The role of spatial dependence for large-scale flood risk estimation. - Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS), 20, 967-979.

Oppel, H., und Fischer, S. (SP1) (2020): A New Unsupervised Learning Method to Assess Clusters of Temporal Distribution of Rainfall and Their Coherence with Flood Types. Water Resources Research.

Pothapakula, P.K., C. Primo (SP2), S. Soerland, und B. Ahrens (SP2) (2020): The synergistic impact of ENSO and IOD on the Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall in observations and climate simulations - an information theory perspective. Earth System Dynamics,

Shustikova, I., Neal, J. C., Domeneghetti, A., Bates, P. D., Vorogushyn, S. (SP3), und Castellarin, A. (2020): Levee Breaching: A New Extension to the LISFLOOD-FP Model. Water, 12, 4, 942.

Tarasova, L. (SP4), Basso, S. (SP4), und Merz, R. (SP4) (2020). Transformation of Generation Processes: From Small Runoff Events to Large Floods. GRL, 47(22).

Tarasova, L. (SP4), Basso, S., Wendi, D., Viglione, A., Kumar, R., und Merz, R. (SP4) (2020): A Process-Based Framework to Characterize and Classify Runoff Events: the Event Typology of Germany, Water Resour. Res., 56(5)

Wietzke, L. (SP3), Merz, B. (SP3), Gerlitz, L., Kreibich, H., Guse, B. (SP3), Castellarin, A. und Vorogushyn, S. (SP3) (2020): Comparative analysis of scalar upper tail indicators. - Hydrological Sciences Journal - Journal des Sciences Hydrologiques, 65, 10, 1625-1639.


  • 2019

Barendrecht, M.H., Viglione, A. (SP6), Kreibich, H. (SP3), Merz, B. (SP3), Vorogushyn, S. (SP3), und Blöschl, G. (SP6) (2019): The value of empirical data for estimating the parameters of a socio-hydrological flood risk model. - Water Resources Research, 55, 2, 1312-1336.

Di Baldassarre, G., Sivapalan, M., Rusca, M., Cudennec, C., Garcia, M., Kreibich, H. (SP3), Konar, M., Mondino, E., Mård, J., Pande, S., Sanderson, M. R., Tian, F., Viglione, A. (SP6), Wei, J., Wei, Y., Yu, D. J., Srinivasan, V., und Blöschl, G. (SP6) (2019): Socio-hydrology: Scientific Challenges in Addressing a Societal Grand Challenge. Water Resources Research,

Bertola, M., Viglione, A. (SP6), und Blöschl, G. (SP6) (2019): Informed attribution of flood changes to decadal variation of atmospheric, catchment and river drivers in Upper Austria, Journal of Hydrology, 577,

Blöschl, G. (SP6), Marc F.P. Bierkens, Antonio Chambel, Christophe Cudennec, Georgia Destouni, Aldo Fiori, James W. Kirchner, Jeff J. McDonnell, Hubert H.G. Savenije, Murugesu Sivapalan, Christine Stumpp, Elena Toth, Elena Volpi, Gemma Carr, Claire Lupton, Josè Salinas, Borbála Széles, Alberto Viglione (SP6), Hafzullah Aksoy, Scott T. Allen, Anam Amin, Vazken Andréassian, Berit Arheimer, Santosh Aryal, Victor Baker, Earl Bardsley, Marlies H. Barendrecht, Alena Bartosova, Okke Batelaan, Wouter R. Berghuijs, Keith Beven, Theresa Blume, Thom Bogaard, Pablo Borges de Amorim, Michael E. Böttcher, Gilles Boulet, Korbinian Breinl, Mitja Brilly, Luca Brocca, Wouter Buytaert, Attilio Castellarin, Andrea Castelletti, Xiaohong Chen, Yangbo Chen, Yuanfang Chen, Peter Chifflard, Pierluigi Claps, Martyn Clark, Adrian Collins, Barry Croke, Annette Dathe, Paula C. David, Felipe P. J. de Barros, Gerrit de Rooij, Giuliano Di Baldassarre, Jessica M. Driscoll, Doris Düthmann, Ravindra Dwivedi, Ebru Eris, William H. Farmer, James Feiccabrino, Grant Ferguson, Ennio Ferrari, Stefano Ferraris, Benjamin Fersch, David Finger, Laura Foglia, Keirnan Fowler, Boris Gartsman, Simon Gascoin, Eric Gaume, Alexander Gelfan, Josie Geris, Shervan Gharari, Tom Gleeson, Miriam Glendell, Alena Gonzalez Bevacqua, María P. González-Dugo, Salvatore Grimaldi, A. B. Gupta, Björn Guse (SP3), Dawei Han, David Hannah, Adrian Harpold, Stefan Haun, Kate Heal, Kay Helfricht, Mathew Herrnegger, Matthew Hipsey, Hana Hlaváčiková, Clara Hohmann, Ladislav Holko, Christopher Hopkinson, Markus Hrachowitz, Tissa H. Illangasekare, Azhar Inam, Camyla Innocente, Erkan Istanbulluoglu, Ben Jarihani, Zahra Kalantari, Andis Kalvans, Sonu Khanal, Sina Khatami, Jens Kiesel, Mike Kirkby, Wouter Knoben, Krzysztof Kochanek, Silvia Kohnova, Alla Kolechkina, Stefan Krause, David Kreamer, Heidi Kreibich (SP3), Harald Kunstmann, Holger Lange, Margarida L. R. Liberato, Eric Lindquist, Timothy Link, Junguo Liu, Daniel Peter Loucks, Charles Luce, Gil Mahé, Olga Makarieva, Julien Malard, Shamshagul Mashtayeva, Shreedhar Maskey, Josep Mas-Pla, Maria Mavrova-Guirguinova, Maurizio Mazzoleni, Sebastian Mernild, Bruce Dudley Misstear, Alberto Montanari, Hannes Müller-Thomy, Alireza Nabizadeh, Fernando Nardi, Christopher Neal, Nataliia Nesterova, Bakhram Nurtaev, Vincent Odongo, Subhabrata Panda, Saket Pande, Zhonghe Pang, Georgia Papacharalampous, Charles Perrin, Laurent Pfister, Rafael Pimentel, María J. Polo, David Post, Cristina Prieto Sierra, Maria-Helena Ramos, Maik Renner, José Eduardo Reynolds, Elena Ridolfi, Riccardo Rigon, Monica Riva, David Robertson, Renzo Rosso, Tirthankar Roy, João H.M. Sá, Gianfausto Salvadori, Mel Sandells, Bettina Schaefli, Andreas Schumann (SP1), Anna Scolobig, Jan Seibert, Eric Servat, Mojtaba Shafiei, Ashish Sharma, Moussa Sidibe, Roy C. Sidle, Thomas Skaugen, Hugh Smith, Sabine M. Spiessl, Lina Stein, Ingelin Steinsland, Ulrich Strasser, Bob Su, Jan Szolgay, David Tarboton, Flavia Tauro, Guillaume Thirel, Fuqiang Tian, Rui Tong, Kamshat Tussupova, Hristos Tyralis, Remko Uijlenhoet, Rens van Beek, Ruud J. van der Ent, Martine van der Ploeg, Anne F. Van Loon, Ilja van Meerveld, Ronald van Nooijen, Pieter R Van Oel, Jean-Philippe Vidal, Jana von Freyberg, Sergiy Vorogushyn (SP3), Przemyslaw Wachniew, Andrew Wade, Philip Ward, Ida Westerberg, Christopher White, Eric F. Wood, Ross Woods, Zongxue Xu, Koray K. Yilmaz und Yongqiang Zhang (2019): Twenty-three Unsolved Problems in Hydrology (UPH) – a community perspective, Hydrological Sciences Journal,

Blöschl, G. (SP6) , Hall, J. , Viglione, A. (SP6) , Perdigão, R.A.P. , Parajka, J. , Merz, B. (SP3), Lun, D. (SP6), Arheimer, B. ,Aronica, G.T. , Bilibashi, A. , Boháč M. , Bonacci, O. , Borga, M. , Čanjevac, I. , Castellarin, A. , Chirico, G.B. , Claps, P., Frolova, N. , Ganora, D., Gorbachova, L., Gül, A. , Hannaford, J. , Harrigan, S., Kireeva, M., Kiss, A. (SP6), Kjeldsen, T.R., Kohnová, S., Koskela, J.J. , Ledvinka, O., Macdonald, N., Mavrova-Guirguinova, M., Mediero, L., Merz, R.(SP4), Molnar, P., Montanari, A., Murphy, C., Osuch, M., Ovcharuk, V., Radevski, I. , Salinas, J.L., Sauquet, E., Šraj, M., Szolgay, J.,Volpi, E., Wilson, D., Zaimi, K., und Živković, N. (2019): Changing climate both increases and decreases European river floods. Nature,

Brázdil, R., Kiss, A. (SP6), Luterbacher, J., und Nash, D. (2019): The extreme drought of 1842 in Europe as described by both documentary data and instrumental measurements. Climate of the Past 15,  1861-1884.

Brázdil, R., Kiss, A. (SP6), Reznickova, L., und Barriendos, M. (2019): Droughts in historical times in Europe, as derived from documentary evidence. In: Herget, J., Fontana, A. (eds.): Palaeohydrology - traces, tracks and trails of extreme events. Springer 2019, pp. 65-96.

Buttinger-Kreuzhuber, A., Horváth, Z., Noelle, S., Blöschl, G. (SP6),  und Waser, J. (2019): A new second-order shallow water scheme on two-dimensional structured grids over abrupt topography. Advances in Water Resources.

Diederen, D., Liu, Y., Gouldby, B., Diermanse, F., und Vorogushyn, S. (SP3) (2019): Stochastic generation of spatially coherent river discharge peaks for continental event-based flood risk assessment. - Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS), 19, 1041-1053.

Fangmann, A., und Haberlandt, U. (beide SP7) (2019): Statistical approaches for identification of low-flow drivers: Temporal aspects. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 23(1), 447-463.

Fischer, S., und Schumann, A. (beide SP1) (2019): Spatio-temporal consideration of the impact of flood types on flood statistics. Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment,

Fischer, S., Schumann, A., und Bühler, P. (alle SP1) (2019): Timescale-based flood typing to estimate temporal changes in flood frequencies. Hydrological Sciences Journal 64(15).

Fischer, S., Schumann, A., (beide SP1) und Fried, R. (2019): Hochwasser: Nahe am Wasser gebaut? In: Krämer, W., and Weihs, C., (eds.): Faszination Statistik - Einblicke in aktuelle Forschungsfragen und Erkenntnisse, Springer.

Hofstätter, M., und Blöschl, G. (SP6) (2019): Vb cyclones synchronized with the Arctic‐/North Atlantic Oscillation. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres.

Kelemen, F.D., Primo, C. (SP2), Feldmann, H., und Ahrens, B. (SP2) (2019): Added value of atmosphere-ocean coupling in a century-long regional climate simulation. Atmosphere, 10(9), 537.

Kiss, A. (SP6) (2019): Before and after the great heat and drought of 1540. Multiannual trends of grape and grain harvest dates in the Vienna Hospital Accounts. In: Mérai, D. (chief ed.). Genius Loci. Laszlovszky 60. Budapest: Archaeolingua 2018, pp. 117-120.

Kiss, A. (SP6) (2019): Floods and Long-Term Water-Level Changes in Medieval Hungary. Springer.

Kiss, A. (SP6) (2019): Droughts, dry spells and low water levels in late medieval Hungary (and Slavonia) III: Potential dry spells and the drought of (1516-)1517. Journal of Environmental Geography 12/3-4, 53-67.

Kiss, A. (SP6) (2019): A dynamic interplay of weather, biological factors and socio-economic interactions: late 15th-century-early 16th-century crises in Hungary. In: Kiss, A., Pribyl, K. (eds.): The Dance of Death in late medieval and Renaissance Europe: Environmental stress, mortality and social response. Routledge, pp. 125-145.

Kiss, A.  (SP6), Piti, F., Sebők, F., und Teiszler, É. (2019): Food crises in fourteenth-century Hungary: indicators, causes and case studies. In: Bauch, M., Schenk, G. (eds). The Crisis of the 14th Century. Teleconnections between Environmental and Societal Change? Das Mittelalter. Perspektiven mediävistischer Forschung 13, De Gruyter 2020, pp. 100-129.

Kiss, A.  (SP6), und Pribyl, K. (eds.) (2019): The Dance of Death in Late Medieval and Renaissance Europe: Environmental Stress, Mortality and Social Response. Routledge, 272 p.

Kreibich, H. (SP3), Blauhut, V., Aerts, J.C.J.H., Bouwer, L. M., Van Lanen, H.A.J., Mejia, A., Mens, M., und Van Loon, A.F. (2019): How to improve attribution of changes in drought and flood impacts. - Hydrological Sciences Journal - Journal des Sciences Hydrologiques, 64, 1, 1-18.

Kuil, L., Carr, G., Prskawetz, A., Salinas, J. L., Viglione, A., und Blöschl, G. (both SP6) (2019): Learning from the Ancient Maya: Exploring the Impact of Drought on Population Dynamics. Ecological Economics, 157, 1-16.

Mewes, B., und Schumann, A. (SP1) (2019): An agent-based extension for object-based image analysis for the delineation of irrigated agriculture from remote sensing data. International Journal of Remote Sensing 40 (12), 4623-4641.

Mewes, B., und Schumann, A. (SP1) (2019): Das Potential der Kombination von Maschinellen Lernen und Agenten-basierter Methoden in der Wasserbewirtschaftung. Proceedings: Tag der Hydrologie 2019, Karlsruhe.

Picciafuoco, T., Morbidelli, R., Flammini, A., Saltalippi, C., Corradini, C., Strauss, P., und Blöschl, G. (SP6) (2019): On the estimation of spatially representative plot scale saturated hydraulic conductivity in an agricultural setting. Journal of Hydrology, 570, 106-117.

Primo, C. (SP2), Kelemen, F.D., Feldmann, H., und Ahrens, B. (SP2) (2019): A regional atmosphere-ocean climate system model (CCLMv5.0clm7-NEMOv3.3-NEMOv3.6) over Europe including three marginal seas: on its stability and performance. Geosci. Model Dev., 12, 5077–5095.

Pothapakula, P.K., Primo Ramos, C., und Ahrens, B. (beide SP2) (2019): Quantification of information exchange in idealized and climate system applications. Entropy, 21(11), 1094.

Stadler, P., Blöschl, G. (SP6), Nemeth, L., Oismüller, M., Kumpan, M., Krampe, J., und Zessner, M. (2019): Event-transport of beta-d-glucuronidase in an agricultural headwater stream: Assessment of seasonal patterns by on-line enzymatic activity measurements and environmental isotopes. Science of the Total Environment, 662, 236-245.

Steirou, E., Gerlitz, L., Apel, H., Sun, X., und Merz, B. (SP3) (2019): Climate influences on flood probabilities across Europe. - Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 23, 1305-1322.

Tarasova, L. (SP4), Merz, R. (SP4), Kiss, A. (SP6), Basso, S. (SP4), Blöschl, G. (SP6), Merz, B. (SP3), Viglione, A. (SP6), Plötner, S. (SP7), Guse, B. (SP3), Schumann, A. (SP1), Fischer, S. (SP1), Ahrens, B. (SP2), Anwar, F. (SP5), Bardossy, A. (SP5), Bühler, P. (SP1), Haberlandt, U. (SP7), Kreibich, H. (SP3), Krug, A. (SP2), Lun, D. (SP6), Müller-Thomy, H., Pidoto, R. (SP7), Primo, C. (SP2), Seidel, J. (SP5), Vorogushyn, S. (SP3), und Wietzke, L. (SP3), (2019): Causative classification of river flood events. Wiley Interdiscip. Rev. Water 1–23.

Winter, B., Schneeberger, K., Nguyen, D., Huttenlau, M., Achleitner, S., Stötter, J., Merz, B. (SP3), und Vorogushyn, S. (SP3) (2019): A continuous modelling approach for design flood estimation on sub-daily time scale. - Hydrological Sciences Journal - Journal des Sciences Hydrologiques, 64, 5, 539-554.


  • 2018

Aerts, J. C. J. H., Botzen, W. J., Clarke, K. C., Cutter, S. L., Hall, J. W., Merz, B. (SP3), Michel-Kerjan, E., Mysiak, J., Surminski, S., und Kunreuther, H. (2018): Integrating human behaviour dynamics into flood disaster risk assessment. - Nature Climate Change, 8, 3,193-199.

Akhtar, N., Krug, A. (SP2), Brauch, J., Arsouze, T., Dieterich, C., und Ahrens, B. (SP2) (2018): European Marginal Seas in a regional atmosphere-ocean coupled model and their impact on Vb-cyclones and associated precipitation. Climate Dynamics.

Alaoui, A., Rogger, M. (SP6), Peth, S., und Blöschl, G. (SP6) (2018): Does soil compaction increase floods? A review. Journal of hydrology, 557, 631-642.

Barendrecht, M.H., Viglione, A. (SP6), Kreibich, H. (SP3), Vorogushyn, S. (SP3), Merz, B. (SP3) und Blöschl, G. (SP6) (2018): Estimating parameter values of a socio-hydrological flood model, Proc. IAHS, 95, 1-6,

Berndt, C., und Haberlandt, U. (SP7) (2018): Spatial interpolation of climate variables in Northern Germany - Influence of temporal resolution and network density. Journal of Hydrology: Regional Studies 15, 184-202.

Blöschl, G. (SP6), Komma, J., Nester, T., Rogger, M. (SP6), Salinas, J.L., und Viglione, A. (SP6) (2018): Die Wirkung des Waldes auf Hochwässer (The effect of forests on floods), Wildbach- und Lawinenverbau 181, 288-296, ISBN:978-3-9504159-5-7.

Brázdil, R., Kiss, A. (SP6), Luterbacher, J., Nash, D., und Režnicková, L. (2018): Documentary data and the study of past droguhts: a global state of the art. Climate of the Past 14, 1915-1960.

Conticello, F., Cioffi, F., Merz, B. (SP3), und Lall, U. (2018): An event synchronization method to link heavy rainfall events and large-scale atmospheric circulation features. - International Journal of Climatology, 38, 3, 1421-1437.

Di Baldassarre, G., Kreibich, H. (SP3), Vorogushyn, S. (SP3), Aerts, J., Arnbjerg-Nielsen, K., Barendrecht, M., Bates, P., Borga, M., Botzen, W., Bubeck, P., De Marchi, B., Llasat, C., Mazzoleni, M., Molinari, D., Mondino, E., Mård, J., Petrucci, O., Scolobig, A., Viglione, A. (SP6), und Ward, P. J. (2018): Hess Opinions: An interdisciplinary research agenda to explore the unintended consequences of structural flood protection. - Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 22, 5629-5637. DOI:

Duethmann, D., und Blöschl, G. (SP6) (2018): Why has catchment evaporation increased in the past 40 years? A data-based study in Austria. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 22, 5143-5158

Figueiredo, R. P. C., Schröter, K., Weiss-Motz, A., Martina, M. L. V., und Kreibich, H. (SP3) (2018): Multi-model ensembles for assessment of flood losses and associated uncertainty. - Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS), 18, 1297-1314.

Fischer, S. (SP1) (2018): A seasonal mixed-POT model to estimate high flood quantiles from different event types and seasons. Journal of Applied Statistics,

Fischer, S., und Schumann, A. (beide SP1) (2018): A distribution-free ordinal classification of floods based on moments. Hydrological Sciences Journal,

Gao, M., Li, H-Y., Liu, D., Tang, J., Chen, X., Chen, X., Blöschl, G. (SP6), und Leung, L.R. (2018): Identifying the dominant controls on macropore flow velocity in soils: a meta-analysis, Journal of Hydrology 567, 590-604.

Carr, G., Loucks, D.P., und Blöschl, G. (SP6) (2018): Gaining insight into interdisciplinary research and education programmes: A framework for evaluation. Research Policy 47.1 (2018),

Kuil, L., Carr, G., Prskawetz, A., Salinas, J.L., Viglione, A. (SP6), und Blöschl, G. (SP6) (2018): Learning from the Ancient Maya: Exploring the Impact of Drought on Population Dynamics, Ecological Economics,

Mangini, W., Viglione, A. (SP6), Hall, J., Hundecha, Y., Ceola, S., Montanari, A., Rogger, M., Salinas, J.L., Borzı́, I., und Parajka, J., (2018): Detection of trends in magnitude and frequency of flood peaks across Europe, Hydrological Sciences Journal, 63:493-512,

Merz, B. (SP3), Nguyen, D., Apel, H., Gerlitz, L., Schröter, K., Steirou, E., und Vorogushyn, S. (SP3) (2018): Spatial coherence of flood-rich and flood-poor periods across Germany. -Journal of Hydrology, 559, 813-826.

Metin, A.D., Dung, N.V., Schröter, K., Guse, B. (SP3), Apel, H., Kreibich, H. (SP3), Vorogushyn, S. (SP3), und Merz, B. (SP3) (2018): How do changes along the risk chain affect flood risk?. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. 18, 3089-3108,

Mewes, B., und Schumann, A. (SP1) (2018): IPA(V1): A framework for agent-based modelling of soil water movement. Geosci. Model Dev., 11, 2175-2187, DOI:

Müller, H., und Haberlandt, U. (SP7) (2018): Temporal rainfall disaggregation using a multiplicative cascade model for spatial application in urban hydrology. Journal of Hydrology, 556, 847-864. DOI:

Murawski, A., Vorogushyn, S. (SP3), Bürger, G., Gerlitz, L., und Merz, B. (SP3) (2018): Do Changing Weather Types Explain Observed Climatic Trends in the Rhine Basin? An Analysis of Within- and Between-Type Changes. - Journal of Geophysical Research, 123, 3, 1562-1584. DOI:

Parajka, J., Bezak, N., Burkhart, J., Hauksson, B., Holko, L., Hundecha, Y., Jenicek, M., Krajci, P., Mangini, W., Molnar, P., Riboust, P., Rizzi, J., Sensoy, A. Thirel, G., und Viglione, A. (SP6) (2018): Modis Snowline Elevation Changes During Snowmelt Runoff Events in Europe, Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics 67(1), 101-109,

Pfeil, I., Vreugdenhil, M., Hahn, S., Wagner, W., Strauss, P., und Blöschl, G. (SP6) (2018): Improving the seasonal representation of ASCAT soil moisture and vegetation dynamics in a temperate climate. Remote Sensing 10, 1788,

Pugliese, A., Persiano, S., Bagli, S., Mazzoli, P., Parajka, J., Arheimer, B., Capell, R., Montanari, A., Blöschl, G. (SP6), und Castellarin, A. (2018): A geostatistical data-assimilation technique for enhancing macro-scale rainfall-runoff simulations, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 22, 4633-4648,

Quinn, N., Blöschl, G. (SP6), Bárdossy, A. (SP5), Castellarin, A., Clark, M., Cudennec, C., Koutsoyiannis, D., Lall, U., Lichner, L., Parajka, J., Peters-Lidard, C.D., Sander, G., Savenije, H., Smettem, K., Vereecken, H., Viglione, A. (SP6), Willems, P., Wood, A.,Woods, R., Xu, C.-Y., und Zehe, E., (2018): Joint Editorial: Invigorating Hydrological Research through Journal Publications, Ecohydrology, 11(6), e2016, doi:10.1002/eco.2016 (und weitere Journals).

Schröter, K., Molinari, D., Kunz, M., und Kreibich, H. (SP3) (2018): Preface: Natural hazard event analysis for risk reduction and adaptation. - Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS), 18, 963-968.

Schröter, K., Lüdtke, S., Redweik, R., Meier, J., Bochow, M., Ross, L., Nagel, C., und Kreibich, H. (SP3) (2018): Flood loss estimation using 3D city models and remote sensing data. - Environmental Modelling and Software, 105, 118-131.

Schulte, M., und Schumann, A. (SP1) (2018): Statistische Bewertung der Hochwasserkoinzidenz zur Planung des technischen Rückhalts. Heimerl, S., Meyer, H. (ed.): Vorsorgender und nachsorgender Hochwasserschutz - Ausgewählte Beiträge aus der Fachzeitschrift WasserWirtschaft Band 2, Springer.

Schulte, M., und Schumann, A. (SP1) (2018): Bewertung der Hochwasserschutzwirkung und des Restrisikos von Speichern mit multivariaten Ansätzen. Heimerl, S., Meyer, H. (ed.): Vorsorgender und nachsorgender Hochwasserschutz - Ausgewählte Beiträge aus der Fachzeitschrift WasserWirtschaft Band 2, Springer.

Széles, B., Broer, M., Parajka, J., Hogan, P., Eder, A., Strauss, P., und Blöschl, G. (SP6) (2018): Separation of scales in transpiration effects on low flows: A spatial analysis in the Hydrological Open Air Laboratory. Water Resources Research 54,

Tarasova, L. (SP4), Basso, S. (SP4), Zink, M., und Merz, R. (SP4) (2018): Exploring controls on rainfall-runoff events: 1. Time-series-based event separation and temporal dynamics of event runoff response in Germany, Water Resour. Res.,

Tarasova, L. (SP4), Basso, S. (SP4), Poncelet, C., und Merz, R. (SP4) (2018): Exploring controls on rainfall-runoff events: 2. Regional patterns and spatial controls of event characteristics in Germany, Water Resour. Res.,

Volpi, E., Di Lazzaro, M., Bertola, M., Viglione, A. (SP6), und Fiori, A. (2018): Reservoir Effects on Flood Peak Discharge at the Catchment Scale, Water Resources Research, 54,

Vorogushyn, S. (SP3), Bates, P. D., de Bruijn, K., Castellarin, A., Kreibich, H. (SP3), Priest, S., Schröter, K., Bagli, S., Blöschl, G. (SP6), Domeneghetti, A., Gouldby, B., Klijn, F., Lammersen, R., Neal, J. C., Ridder, N., Terink, W., Viavattene, C., Viglione, A. (SP6), Zanardo, S., und Merz, B. (SP3) (2018): Evolutionary leap in large-scale flood risk assessment needed. - Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Water, 5, 2.

Xu, Z., Peng, D., Sun, W.,Pang, B., Zuo, D., Schumann, A. (SP1), und Chen, Y. (2018): Preface: Innovative Water Resources Management in a Changing Environment – Understanding and Balancing Interactions between Humankind and Nature. Proceedings of the IAHS, 379, 463-464.


  • 2017

Callau Poduje, A. C., und Haberlandt U., (beide SP7) (2017): Short time step continuous rainfall modeling and simulation of extreme events - Journal of Hydrology, 552: 182-197.

Conticello, F., Cioffi, F., Merz, B. (SP3), und Lall, U. (2017): An event synchronization method to link heavy rainfall events and large-scale atmospheric circulation features. Int. J. Climatol.

Doycheva, K., Horn, G., Koch, C., Schumann, A. (SP1), und König, M. (2017): Assessment and weighting of meteorological ensemble forecast members based on supervised machine learning with application to run-off simulations and flood warning. Advanced Engineering Informatics 33, 427-439.

Fischer, S. (SP1), Schumann, A. (SP1) und Schnurr, A. (2017): Ordinal Pattern Dependence between Hydrological Time Series. Journal of Hydrology 548, 536-551.

Kreibich, H. (SP3), Di Baldassarre, G., Vorogushyn, S. (SP3), Aerts, J. C. J. H., Apel, H., Aronica, G. T., Arnbjerg-Nielsen, K., Bouwer, L. M., Bubeck, P., Caloiero, T., Do, T. C., Cortès, M., Gain, A. K., Giampá, V., Kuhlicke, C., Kundzewicz, Z. W., Llasat, M. C., Mård, J., Matczak, P., Mazzoleni, M., Molinari, D., Nguyen, D., Petrucci, O., Schröter, K., Slager, K., Thieken, A. H., Ward, P. J., und Merz, B. (SP3) (2017): Adaptation to flood risk - results of international paired flood event studies. Earth's Future, 5, 10, 953-965.

Kreibich, H. (SP3), Müller, M., Schröter, K., und Thieken, A. H. (2017): New insights into flood warning reception and emergency response by affected parties. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS) 17, 2075-2092.

Lilienthal, J., Fried, R., und Schumann, A. (SP1) (2017): Homogeneity testing for skewed and cross-correlated data in regional flood frequency analysis. Journal of Hydrology 556, 557-571.

Schumann, A. (SP1) (2017): Flood safety versus remaining risks - options and limitations of probabilistic concepts in flood management. Water Resources Management 31 (10), 3131–3145.

Schumann, A. (SP1) und Fischer, S. (SP1) (2017): Berücksichtigung von Starkregenereignissen in der saisonalen Hochwasserstatistik mit Hilfe statistischer Mischungsmodelle. Hydrologie und Wasserwirtschaft 61(1), 36-49.

Schumann, A. (SP1) und Fischer, S. (SP1) (2017): Flood risk and flood processes in a changing environment. European Water 57, 19-25.

Triet, N. V. K., Dung, N. V., Fujii, H., Kummu, M., Merz, B. (SP3) und Apel, H. (2017): Has dyke development in the Vietnamese Mekong Delta shifted flood hazard downstream?, Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 21(8), 3991-4010.